Individual exercises under the supervision of specialists and physiotherapist from Czech Republic
A therapy for the preservation, enhancement or restoration of movement and physical function impaired or threatened by disease, injury or disability that utilizes therapeutic exercise, physical modalities such as massage, electrotherapy, assistive devices, and patient education and training.
Types of Physical Therapy Exercises 1. Range of motion (ROM), these exercise is to maintain the movement of the joint and prevent muscles stiffness and any malfunction or kinesthetic in the affected part. ROM exercises are done as a part of your warm-up exercise routine. 2. Strengthening exercises, these exercises is given to the patient to increase muscle strength and endurance. As your muscle strength increases, your physical therapist can increase resistance by letting you use elastic bands or weights or some exercise equipment. 3. Elongation exercises or Flexibility exercise, these exercises designed to increase muscle flexibility and thorough, especially in cases of muscles spasm or injuries that hinder the movement of the affected part. You can do these exercises while at the comfort of your home. 4. Balance exercises can help people with problems with balance, such as stroke or people who have muscle weakness. Balance exercises can also help prevent falls, which is a common problem among older adults.
5. Breathing exercises or Endurance exercises, can increase the stamina of the respiratory and circulatory system. And performing this exercise can improve your overall fitness.
6. Functional exercises, the goal of this exercise is to restore the patient’s future. These exercises involve training the body of the patient and to be able to perform daily activities.
The motor system disorders (especially those caused by central nervous system dysfunctions) need very complete treatment. Vojta reflex therapy is one of the approaches completing orthopedics, pediatrics, neurological and other treatment of such patients. It is based on activating/restoring basic inborn motor patterns i.e. physiological neuromotor development such as rolling, crawling, grasping etc..
The therapy is based on stimulating exact zones on the patient´s body in exactly described positions. The pressure in the zones is NOT painfull and is pruposefull ! The basic positions are supine, prone and side position.
What diagnosis can be treated with Vojta therapy?
In childhood – cerebral palsy, scoliosis, periferal paresis, brain and spinal injuries, abnormal breathing stereotypes, hereditary neuromotor disorders etc.
In adulthood – stroke, multiple sclerosis, vertebral algic syndromes and other functional musculoskeletal disorders, incontinence etc.
What to expect from this kind of therapy approach ?
This treatment lasts for months or years and it is necessary to start as soon as possible.
The cooperation of the family members is crucial and the therapy must be practise every day !
The child´s crying is natural while practising, try not to interrupt stimulating of the zones. The cry is more because of the forced position and vegetative reactions of the child than any pain .
If the child struggling with you, discuss with your therapist how to improve the position or the suitability of this therapy for this particular diagnosis and current age. Struggling with the kid is NOT the purpose of this therapy approach.
What are the effects of the Vojta method ?
All the skeletal muscles are activated (including muscles involved in swallowing, facial expression and eye movements),
the smooth muscles are activated (affects bladder and bowel functions, circulatory system) i.e. breathing and digestion can be improved,
it activates inherited physiological movement patterns – through stimulating zones in the positions,
the respons to the stimulation is coordinate movement of the trunk and the extremities (full or particular) .
Note: Other manual techniques such as massage can be added, however, must be correctly indicated and not every time necessary.
The McKenzie method
The McKenzie method (also MDT = Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy) is a comprehensive method of care primarily used in physical therapy. New Zealand physical therapist Robin McKenzie, developed the method in the late 1950s. In 1981 he launched the concept which he called Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) – a system encompassing assessment (evaluation), diagnosis and treatment for the spine and extremities. MDT categorises patients’ complaints not on an anatomical basis, but subgroups them by the clinical presentation of patients. MDT uses primarily self treatment strategies, and minimises manual therapy procedures, with the McKenzie trained therapist supporting the patient with passive procedures only if an individual self treatment program is not fully effective. McKenzie states that self treatment is the best way to achieve a lasting improvement of back pain and neck pain.
Kinesio Taping is a revolutionary method of enhancing lymphatic drainage and the peripheral circulatory system by employing kinesio tapes. Additionally, this adhesive taping technique enables the natural healing process of the organism by supporting and stabilizing muscles and joints without conditioning the range of movement of the body and by generating drainage (mild stimulation of the soft peripheral tissue) in view of extending the effects of previously applied manual therapies: most types of massage, stretching, manual therapies focusing on actions on anatomically narrow areas (pressopuncture, point therapy) and/or entailing osteoarticular mobilization (osteopathy, chiropractic, the yumeiho therapy, etc.).
The use of kinesio tapes is compatible with a large range of orthopedic disorders (contortion, luxation, muscle sprains and tears, etc.) or disorders of neuromuscular or neurologic nature, being recommended in cases of sports accidents and of consequences detrimental to posture following certain deficient stances associated to professional activities.
Elastic tapes with special features are used in the therapeutic practice, tapes which are applied differently according to the existing disorder.
The standard features of the kinesio tape are:
– Used adhesive: cyanoacrylate – thermosensitive medical glue
– 100% cotton textile material with no latex/ polyurethane 70D content
– Water resistant material
– Available in 4 sizes: 2.5cm x 5m; 3.75cm x 5m; 5cm x 5m; 7.5cm x 5m
– Maximum elasticity of 150 – 160%
– Enables a reasonable respiration of the tegument it is applied on
– Weight and width similar to the epidermis’s weight and width
– It can be worn between 3 to 5 days until the following application
– Decreases pain down to complete elimination (depending on pathology and its level of intensity)
– Adjusts joint position anomalies
– Stimulates muscles in view of correcting their position while recovering (in cases of contraction or hypotonia)
– Enables the healing of hematomas and, generally, of muscle traumas
– Eliminates congestions occurred within the lymphatic circulatory system